According to the National Biodiversity Network, over a quarter of the 107 mammal species in the UK are in danger of going extinct.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature has listed 68 fish species as threatened or endangered.
In the UK, at least one in seven species of reptiles is either extinct or in danger of going extinct.
In the last 200 years, seven breeding bird species in the UK have gone extinct, and 43% of the country’s bird population is now under risk.
Since the Industrial Revolution, about half of Britain’s biodiversity has been destroyed, along with more than 400 species.
Even worse, that is only the beginning. If no quick effort is taken to stop it, 1,188 more could occur during the course of the following century.
Disappearing: More than a quarter of Britain’s native mammals are under threat, experts say, with the wildcat and greater mouse-eared bat the most at-risk. The beaver, grey long-eared bat and red squirrel (pictured) are also endangered
Water voles (pictured) are also endangered, while the hedgehog, hazel dormouse and Orkney vole are deemed vulnerable
There are even fears for the likes of mountain hares, the harvest mouse and the lesser white-toothed shrew, all of which could soon come under threat without action.
Meanwhile, the red squirrel has been in decline since the early 20th century and has dwindled to an estimated population of only 140,000. It is now only commonly found in the far north of England and Scotland.
These numbers compare to the 2.5 million-strong North American grey squirrels that exist in Britain following the species’ introduction to the UK.
Marine mammals such as sperm whales, bottlenose dolphins and the sei whale are also on the first official Red List for British Mammals.
Produced by the Mammal Society for Natural England, Natural Resources Wales, Scottish Natural Heritage and the Joint Nature Conservation Committee, it shows that 11 of the 47 mammals native to Britain are classified as being at imminent risk of extinction.
A further five species are classified as ‘near threatened’ — meaning there is a realistic possibility of them becoming threatened with extinction in the near future.
Professor Fiona Mathews, of the Mammal Society and University of Sussex, led the report. She said: ‘While we bemoan the demise of wildlife in other parts of the world, here in Britain we are managing to send even rodents towards extinction.
‘Things have to change rapidly if we want our children and grandchildren to enjoy the wildlife we take for granted.’
Why are these mammals at risk?
Humans are a big part of the problem. Although there are many reasons for the decline of mammals across Britain, man-made pollution is one of the key causes.
Species such as bats and the hazel dormouse have also been deprived of their habitats by people building on natural lands, while others have been hunted by humans for centuries.
The water vole, red squirrel and Orkney vole suffer from the combined effects of habitat degradation and the introduction of non-native species.
Dominic Price, director of The Species Recovery Trust, told MailOnline:
‘The main reasons are habitat loss (leaving populations fragmented and with far less space to live in) and climate change, which is happening too fast for species to adapt to.’
Lisa Chilton, chief executive of the National Biodiversity Network Trust, added: ‘We’re in the midst of a nature emergency, and it’s every bit as damaging as the climate crisis.
‘In fact, they’re two sides of the same coin — you can’t fix the climate crisis without solving the nature emergency, and vice versa. We need to tackle these life-threatening emergencies hand in hand, with equal priority.’
She told MailOnline the UK’s wildlife had been ‘in worrying decline for decades’.
‘It’s down to a combination of many, many factors — from urban growth and unsustainable farming practices, to overfishing and pollution,’
Ms Chilton said.
‘For some species, climate change could be the last straw. Arguably the biggest threat, though, is simply that we don’t value wildlife enough.
‘If we truly understood and appreciated all that nature does for us, as a society we’d make better decisions about looking after it.
‘So this is also a “nature-connectedness” emergency. We urgently need to rediscover the joy, inspiration and wonder that nature brings, and place a higher value on everything that it provides for us, for the future of people and the planet.’
WHICH MAMMALS HAVE BEEN LOST FROM BRITAIN?
Factors leading to extinction: A decline in its food source
Extinct: late-1800s in England and Wales, while currently at brink of extinction in Scotland
Factors leading to extinction: Hunting and habitat loss
Species: Myotis myotis (Greater mouse-eared bat)
Factors leading to extinction: Unknown, although there are no records of this species until the 1950s so it could have been a failed colonisation
Factors leading to extinction: A combination of deforestation and hunting
What could go next?
- Greater mouse-eared bat
- Hazel dormouse
- Orkney Vole
- Serotine bat
- Barbastelle bat
- Red squirrel
- Water vole
- Grey long-eared bat
- Mountain hare
- Harvest mouse
- Lesser white-toothed shrew
- Leisler’s bat
- Nathusius’ pipistrelle
Source: Mammal Society
It may seem hard to believe but almost half (43 per cent) of birds in Britain are at risk of extinction.
Not only that, but a report by the British Trust for Ornithology also saw more species placed onto its red list than ever before.
It now includes 70 species – 18 more than just over a decade ago – with the Atlantic puffin, whimbrel and turtle dove among them.
The latter has nosedived by a massive 97 per cent in numbers since 1970. Such has been the speed of this decline that the bird is now on the Global Red List for Endangered Species.
Seven species of breeding birds have been lost to extinction over the past 200 years, including three in the last 25 years alone.
‘We’ve lost several species of birds and mammals over the past few centuries,’
David Noble, the principal ecologist for the British Trust for Ornithology, told MailOnline.
‘Some like golden oriole were always quite rare in Britain but the once common and widespread wryneck is gone and the iconic turtle dove, one of the UK’s most rapidly declining species, seems on its way out.’
Factors leading to extinction: Human disturbance
Factors leading to extinction: Loss of wetlands
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss, agricultural intensification and egg collecting
Factors leading to extinction: Hunting
Species: Ciconia ciconia (White stork)
Factors leading to extinction: No clear understanding
Extinct: Early 1990s
Factors leading to extinction: The mechanisation of mowing and the earlier mowing of grass crops
Factors leading to extinction: Expansion and intensification of agriculture
Source: The Species Recovery Trust
- Grey partridge
- Grasshopper warbler
- House martin
- Wood warbler
- Black grouse
- Black-tailed godwit
- Bewick’s swan
- Mistle thrush
- White-fronted goose
- Balearic shearwater
- Long-tailed duck
- Purple sandpiper
- Ring ouzel
- Velvet scoter
- Spotted flycatcher
- Common scoter
- Red-necked phalarope
- Herring gull
- House sparrow
- Tree pipit
- Red-backed shrike
- Willow tit
- Skylark Yellowhammer
- Roseate tern
- Tree sparrow
- Arctic skua
- Red-necked grebe
- Yellow wagtail
- Slavonian grebe
- Hen harrier
- Turtle dove
- Montagu’s harrier
- Lesser spotted woodpecker
- Leach’s storm-petrel
- Marsh tit
- Corn bunting
- Cirl bunting
Source: The Birds of Conservation Concern 5 Red list
Only one species of fish has become extinct in Britain in the last 200 years and that is the burbot.
It once thrived at the bottom of cool lowland rivers across eastern England but was last seen in Britain in 1969.
Climate change, pollution and historical overfishing have all been blamed for this — while also putting a number of other types of fish around the UK at risk of extinction.
In fact, 68 species are on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s red lists
Not a looker: Only one species of fish has become extinct in Britain in the last 200 years and that is the burbot (pictured)
These include the Atlantic halibut, European eel and Atlantic bluefin tuna.
Multiple sharks, such as the angel, thresher, and smooth hammerhead, are also under threat, while salmon has suffered significant declines since the 1960s.
Once widespread in UK rivers, even European sturgeon are now critically endangered because of river dams, fishing and pollutions.
‘Acidification, caused by the uptake of CO2, has reduced the pH of waters around Europe, apparently more rapidly so in UK waters than in the North Atlantic as a whole,’
according to a major report called the State of Nature, published in 2019.
‘This has the potential to adversely affect organisms that require calcium carbonate. Acidification is also of particular concern as it could further reduce the rate at which CO2 is absorbed from the atmosphere, thus aggravating climate change.’
Multiple studies have shown that acidification stops fish reproducing and can also be deadly.
‘CLIMATE CHANGE, WETLAND LOSS AND LAND USE CHANGE ARE MAINLY TO BLAME FOR DYING SPECIES’
David Noble, the principal ecologist for the British Trust for Ornithology, told MailOnline that the ‘main pressure driving species towards extinction in Britain over the last 50 years is land use change and especially the intensive management of agricultural land which covers 75 per cent of the country.’
He added: ‘To fight against that, we need to encourage and also help support farmers and other land-owners in implementing environmentally friendly farming practices.
‘This means providing semi-natural areas, hedges, field margins, sources of water, reducing pesticide and fertiliser use, and implementing more wildlife friendly mowing and sowing practices. Agri-environment schemes are one way of doing this, some farmers do it on their own initiative but basically we need more land managed in this way and where necessary to direct resources to land-owners that are providing us all with habitats and nature that sustain us all.
Other key pressures include (i) climate change (currently having positive and negative impact on different species), (ii) loss of wetlands and over-abstraction of water, (iii) loss of traditional forestry practices leading to wildlife impoverished mono-cultures, (iv) urbanization and (v) loss of heathlands and grasslands which support specialized species.
‘In general, we need to protect and maintain the quality of these special landscapes (ponds, semi-natural grasslands, heathlands) and inject as much habitat diversity into our farmland, woodland and urban areas as possible. Climate change of course requires a global effort.
‘We’ve lost several species of birds and mammals over the past few centuries. Some like golden oriole were always quite rare in Britain but the once common and widespread wryneck is gone and the iconic turtle dove, one of the UK’s most rapidly declining species, seems on its way out.’
This is mostly due to agricultural pollution such as nitrates and phosphorous, physical modifications to waterbodies, such as dams, and sewage.
Dave Tickner, chief adviser on freshwater at WWF, said: ‘Nature is in freefall and the UK is no exception: wildlife struggles to survive, let alone thrive, in our polluted waters.’
What could go next?
- Atlantic halibut
- European eel
- Atlantic bluefin tuna
- Angel shark
- Thresher shark
- Smooth hammerhead
When it comes to amphibians and reptiles, Britain actually fares a lot better than the rest of the world.
Half of amphibians globally are currently at risk, but in the UK all seven native species are deemed to be of ‘least concern’, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.
The main loss is the natterjack toad, which is one of only two species of toad in Britain.
However, it now only exists in small areas of Norfolk and Lincolnshire, as well as the western coast from Lancashire to Dumfries.
Female natterjacks are actually able to lay up to 7,500 eggs during breeding season, but despite this the species is still considered endangered here.
With reptiles, none of the 1,439 at-risk species worldwide are native to the UK. Some, like the leatherback sea turtle, find their way to Britain but the six types that live exclusively here are considered ‘least concern’.
These include the grass snake, common European adder, smooth snake, common lizard, sand lizard, and slow worm.
What could go next?
- Natterjack toad
- Leatherback sea turtle
Thousands of invertebrates call Britain home, from insects such as ants and spiders to bees, praying mantises and moths, as well as crustaceans like crabs, shrimps and lobsters.
At total of 405 invertebrate species (12 per cent of the overall number) are currently at risk of extinction in the UK.
Among them are cicada, which are common throughout Europe but struggling here — with no recorded sightings of the bug in more than 20 years.
The wart-biter cricket is also at a high-risk of extinction because of the loss of its habitat on heathland and chalk landscape, as well as its prey. It can only now be found in four locations across East Sussex, Dorset and Wiltshire.
Both the cosnard’s net-winged beetle and the bearded false darkling beetle are also at risk of disappearing from Britain, along with the v-moth.
This insect is still present across the UK but its population is believed to be less than 1 per cent of its 1960s levels.
Half of the country’s species of butterfly are also now at risk of extinction. A red list published in May this year named 29 at-risk butterfly species out of the 58 currently living in Britain.
Eight species were added to the list since the last assessment in 2010, including the Scotch Argus and Swallowtail, which are both listed as ‘vulnerable’.
Of the 29, eight of the species are categorised as ‘endangered’, 16 as ‘vulnerable’, and five as ‘near threatened’.
A species that has particularly suffered is the small tortoiseshell (pictured). It was once one of our most common butterfly species, but in 2013 experts revealed its numbers had dropped by 77 per cent in a decade
Half of the country’s species of butterfly are also now at risk of extinction. A red list published in May this year named 29 at-risk butterfly species out of the 58 currently living in Britain, including the Scotch Argus and Swallowtail (pictured)
This represents a 26 per cent increase in the number of at-risk species, according to wildlife charity Butterfly Conservation, which compiled the list.
A species that has particularly suffered is the small tortoiseshell. It was once one of our most common butterfly species, but in 2013 experts revealed its numbers had dropped by 77 per cent in a decade.
In Victorian times the large tortoiseshell butterfly was widespread in southern England, but it became extinct in 1953 due to Dutch elm disease, which eradicated the main larval food source.
The black-backed meadow ant, meanwhile, became extinct in 1988 due to urban development and inappropriate land management.
What could go next?
- Wart-biter cricket
- Scotch Argus butterfly
- Swallowtail butterfly
- Cosnard’s net-winged beetle
- Bearded false darkling beetle
- Small tortoiseshell butterfly
Seventy species of fungus have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, while many more are still being threatened by habitat loss and pollution.
A total of 232 fungi and lichens (15 per cent) are currently classified as being at risk across Britain, along with 440 types of plants (18 per cent of those seen in the UK).
The Gomphus clavatus or pig’s ear fungus became extinct in 1927 due to habitat loss and degradation, while Cladonia peziziformis disappeared in 1968 due to human disturbance, inappropriate use of burning for land management, the natural succession of heathland vegetation and high grazing levels.
The plant Davall’s Sedge was once found at a site in Somerset, but in the 19th Century it was drained for development and has never again been seen in this country.
Meanwhile, Ivell’s Sea Anemone, which was only ever found in England, has become globally extinct following changes in water quality at its one known site.
Professor Richard Gregory, head of monitoring conservation science at the RSPB, said: ‘Prior to 1970, the UK’s wildlife had already been depleted by centuries of persecution, pollution, habitat loss and degradation.
‘But there is no let-up in the net loss of nature, with data showing that 41 per cent of species have declined since 1970.
‘The biggest threats to nature now includes significant and ongoing changes in the way we manage our land for agriculture, the ongoing effects of climate change and pollution.’
He added: ‘Whilst the data that the State of Nature report shows are alarming there is also cause for some cautious hope.
‘Many exciting new conservation initiatives with partnerships are delivering inspiring results for some of the UK’s nature. Species such as Bitterns and Large Blue Butterfly have been saved through the concerted efforts of organisations and individuals.’
What could go next?
- Ghost orchid
- Wood calamint
- Crested cow-wheat
- Red helleborine
- Smut fungus
- Urocystis primulicola
- Primula farinosa
- Puccinia libanotidis
Source: Woodlant Trust
DIED OUT: THE FULL LIST OF 421 SPECIES THAT HAVE DISAPPEARED FROM ENGLAND
|Group||Species||Common name||Year extinct|
|Ants||Ants||Formica pratensis||Black-backed meadow ant||1988|
|Bees||Bombus cullumanus||Cullem’s bumblebee||1941|
|Bees||Bombus distinguendus||Great yellow bumblebee||1981|
|Bees||Bombus pomorum||Apple bumblebee||1864|
|Bees||Bombus subterraneus||Short-haired bumblebee||1990|
|Bees||Chalicodoma (Megachile) ericetorum||1844|
|Beetles||Bagous arduus (longitarsis)||1800s|
|Beetles||Bidessus minutissimus||Minutest diving beetle||1908|
|Beetles||Bothynoderes (Chromoderus) afinis||1883|
|Beetles||Cryptocephalus exiguus||Pashford pot beetle||1986|
|Beetles||Leiodes triepkii nec pallens||1933|
|Beetles||Lixus angustatus nec algirus||1928|
|Beetles||Platycerus caraboides||Blue stag beetle||1839|
|Beetles||Rhyncolus (Phloeophagus) gracilis||1897|
|Birds||Birds||Charadrius alexandrines||Kentish plover||1928|
|Birds||Chlidonias niger||Black tern||1840s-1850s|
|Birds||Lanius collurio||Red-backed shrike||1988|
|Birds||Otis tarda||Great bustard||1833|
|Birds||Pinguinus impennis||Great auk||1820s|
|Butterflies||Butterflies||Aporia crataegi||Black-veined white||1890s/1920s|
|Butterflies||Boloria dia||Weaver’s fritillary||c1890|
|Butterflies||Carcharodus alceae||Mallow skipper||c1925|
|Butterflies||Carterocephalus palaemon||Chequered skipper||1976|
|Butterflies||Euchloe simplonia||Mountain dappled white|
|Butterflies||Iphicles (Papilio) podalirius||Scarce swallowtail||c1850|
|Butterflies||Lycaena dispar||Large copper||1864|
|Butterflies||Lycaena tityrus||Sooty copper||c1890|
|Butterflies||Lycaena virgaureae||Scarce copper||1860|
|Butterflies||Nymphalis polychloros||Large tortoiseshell||c1953|
|Butterflies||Pontia daplidice||Bath white||1900|
|Butterflies||Pyrgus armoricanus||Oberthur’s grizzled skipper||c1860|
|Cnidarians||Cnidarians||Edwardsia ivelli||Ivell’s sea anemone||1983|
|Dragonflies||Dragonflies||Coenagrion armatum||Norfolk damselfly||1958|
|Dragonflies||Coenagrion scitulum||Dainty damselfly||1953|
|Dragonflies||Oxygastra curtisii||Orange-spotted emerald||1963|
|Earwigs||Earwigs||Labidura riparia||Tawny earwig||c1930|
|Fleas||Fleas||Megabothris rectangulatus||Vole flea||1912|
|Fungi||Bovistella radicata||Rooting puffball||1952|
|Fungi||Clavicorona pyxidata||Candelabra coral||1920|
|Fungi||Gomphus clavatus||Pig’s ear||1927|
|Fungi||Hygrophorus erubescens||Blotched woodwax||1877|
|Fungi||Hygrophorus russula||Pinkmottle woodwax||1903|
|Fungi||Lycoperdon decipiens||Steppe puffball||1923|
|Fungi||Lycoperdon ericaeum||Heath puffball||1883|
|Fungi||Mycocalia duriaeana||Dune cannon||1953|
|Fungi||Puccinia asparagi||Asparagus rust||1936|
|Fungi||Puccinia bulbocastani||Great pignut rust||1956|
|Fungi||Puccinia longissima||Crested hair-grass rust||1953|
|Fungi||Puccinia pratensis||Meadow oat-grass rust||1959|
|Fungi||Sarcodon regalis||Crowned tooth||1969|
|Fungi||Tricholoma aurantium||Orange knight||1957|
|Fungi||Uredinopsis filicina||Beech fern rust||1936|
|Fungi||Ustilago marina||Spike rush smut||1885|
|Ground beetles||Ground beetles||Acupalpus elegans||1875|
|Ground beetles||Harpalus cupreus||1914|
|Ground beetles||Lebia marginata||1800s|
|Ground beetles||Lebia scapularis||1883|
|Heteropteran bugs||Heteropteran bugs||Chlorochroa juniperina||1925|
|Heteropteran bugs||Elasmucha ferrugata||1950|
|Heteropteran bugs||Eremocoris fenestratus||1962|
|Heteropteran bugs||Eurygaster austriaca||1885|
|Heteropteran bugs||Hadrodemus m-flavum||1800s|
|Heteropteran bugs||Jalla dumosa||1800s|
|Heteropteran bugs||Prostemma guttula||1890|
|Liverworts||Fossombronia mittenii||Mitten’s frillwort||1972|
|Liverworts||Liochlaena lanceolata||Long-leaved flapwort||1966|
|Mammals||Mammals||Eubalaena glacialis||Northern right whale||mid-1800s|
|Mammals||Myotis myotis||Greater mouse-eared bat||1985|
|Mosses||Mosses||Andreaea mutabilis||Changeable rock-moss||1950s|
|Mosses||Aulacomnium turgidum||Swollen thread-moss||1878|
|Mosses||Bartramia stricta||Upright apple-moss||1864|
|Mosses||Bryum calophyllum||Matted bryum||1983|
|Mosses||Bryum uliginosum||Cernous bryum||1950s|
|Mosses||Ceratodon conicus||Scarce redshank||1991|
|Mosses||Dicranum elongatum||Dense fork-moss||late-1800s|
|Mosses||Eurhynchiastrum pulchellum||Elegant feather-moss||1980|
|Mosses||Herzogiella striatella||Muhlenbeck’s feather-moss||1950s|
|Mosses||Kiaeria falcata||Sickle-leaved fork-moss||1950s|
|Mosses||Palustriella decipiens||Lesser curled hook-moss||1950s|
|Mosses||Sphagnum strictum||Pale bog-moss||1950s|
|Mosses||Tetrodontium repandum||Small four-tooth moss||1958|
|Mosses||Weissia mittenii||Mitten’s beardless-moss||1970|
|Moths||Acronicta (Hyboma) strigosa||Marsh dagger||1933|
|Moths||Moths||Acronicta auricoma||Scarce dagger||1912|
|Moths||Apamea pabulatricula||Union rustic||1935|
|Moths||Arctornis l-nigrum||Black V moth||1960|
|Moths||Catocala fraxini||Clifden nonpareil||1964|
|Moths||Colobochyla salicalis||Lesser belle||1977|
|Moths||Conistra erythrocephala||Red-headed chestnut||1932|
|Moths||Costaconvexa polygrammata||The Many lined||1850s|
|Moths||Cucullia gnaphalii||The Cudweed||1979|
|Moths||Depressaria depressana||pre 1900|
|Moths||Emmelia trabealis||Spotted sulphur||1960|
|Moths||Eurhodope cirrigerella||Hairy knot-horn||1960|
|Moths||Fagivorina arenaria||Speckled beauty||1898|
|Moths||Hadena irregularis||Viper’s bugloss||1968|
|Moths||Idaea humiliate||Isle of Wight wave||1954|
|Moths||Isturgia limbaria||Frosted yellow||1914|
|Moths||Jodia croceago||Orange upperwing||1983|
|Moths||Laelia coenosa||Reed tussock||1879|
|Moths||Leucodonta bicoloria||White prominent||1880|
|Moths||Lithophane furcifera||The Conformist||1907|
|Moths||Lymantria dispar||Gypsy moth||1907|
|Moths||Minucia lunaris||Lunar double-stripe||1958|
|Moths||Nola aerugula||Scarce black arches||1890|
|Moths||Pachetra sagittigera||Feathered ear||1963|
|Moths||Paranthrene tabaniformis||Dusky clearwing||1924|
|Moths||Phyllodesma ilicifolia||Small lappet||1965|
|Moths||Pyrausta sanguinalis||Scarce crimson and gold||1935|
|Moths||Scopula immorata||Lewes wave||1958|
|Moths||Thetidia smaragdaria maritime||Essex emerald||1991|
|Moths||Trigonophora flammea||Flame brocade||1892|
|Shrimps||Shrimps||Artemia salina||Brine shrimp||1907|
|Snails||Myxas glutinosa||Glutinous snail||1991|
|Stoneworts||Stoneworts||Nitella capillaries||Slimy-fruited stonewort||1959|
|Stoneworts||Nitella gracilis||Slender stonewort||1914|
|Stoneworts||Nitella hyaline||Many-branched stonewort||1915|
|Stoneworts||Tolypella nidifica||Bird’s nest stonewort||1956|
|True bugs||True bugs||Trioza proxima||1876|
|Vascular plants||Vascular plants||Ajuga genevensis||1967|
|Vascular plants||Arnoseris minima||lamb’s succory||1970|
|Vascular plants||Bromus interruptus||1970|
|Vascular plants||Carex davalliana||Davall’s sedge||1831|
|Vascular plants||Carex trinervis||Three-nerved sedge||1869|
|Vascular plants||Caucalis platycarpos||small bur parsley|
|Vascular plants||Centaurium scilloides||Perennial centaury||c1967|
|Vascular plants||Crassula aquatica||Pygmyweed||c1945|
|Vascular plants||Crepis foetida||stinking hawksbeard|
|Vascular plants||Cystopteris alpina||Alpine bladder-fern||1911|
|Vascular plants||Cystopteris montana||Mountain bladder-fern||1880|
|Vascular plants||Euphorbia peplis||Purple spurge||1951|
|Vascular plants||Euphorbia villosa||1924|
|Vascular plants||Filago gallica||narrow leaved cudweed|
|Vascular plants||Galeopsis segetum||downy hemp nettle|
|Vascular plants||Najas flexilis||Slender naiad||1982|
|Vascular plants||Otanthus maritimus||Cottonweed||1936|
|Vascular plants||Polygonatum verticillatum||Whorled Solomon’s–seal||1866|
|Vascular plants||Saxifraga rosacea||1960|
|Vascular plants||Scheuchzeria palustris||Rannoch rush||c1900|
|Vascular plants||Senecio eboracensis||York groundsel||2000|
|Vascular plants||Spiranthes aestivalis||Summer lady’s-tresses||1950s|
|Vascular plants||Spiranthes romanzoffiana||Irish lady’s-tresses||1990s|
|Vascular plants||Tephroseris palustris||Marsh fleawort||1947|
|Water beetles||Water beetles||Graphoderus bilineatus||1906|
|Water beetles||Gyrinus natator||1921|
|Water beetles||Ochthebius aeneus||1913|
|Water beetles||Rhantus aberratus||1904|
|Water beetles||Spercheus emarginatus||1956|